Riffs and Relations: African American Artists and the European Modernist Tradition presents works by African American artists of the 20th and 21st centuries together with examples by the early 20th century European artists with whom they engaged.
This exhibition explores the rich, multifacted, and sustained connections and frictions around modernism in the work of artists such as Romare Bearden, Robert Colescott, Renee Cox, Wassily Kandinsky, Norman Lewis, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Faith Ringgold, Hank Willis Thomas, and Carrie Mae Weems, among others.
Take a 360-degree tour of the exhibition
Hank Willis Thomas, Icarus (2016)
Janet Taylor Pickett, And She was Born (2017)
Henri Matisse, Interior with Egyptian Curtain (1948)
Alma Thomas, Watusi (Hard Edge) (1963)
Wassily Kandinsky, Sketch I for Painting with White Border (Moscow) (1913)
Sanford Biggers, Negerplastik (2016)
Carrie Mae Weems, After Manet (2002, printed 2015)
Bob Thompson, Homage to Nina Simone (1965)
African American artists have interrogated and immersed themselves in European modernist art since its rise to prominence in the early 20th century. This period also saw a critical growth of professional African American artists, many of whom engaged modernist styles and sensibilities as they claimed the power to represent and define themselves, their histories, and their cultures. In the early part of the century, African American artists were nourished by the advances of Post-Impressionist, Cubist, and expressionist art. They contributed to modernism’s new languages of form, liberated use of color, and complex engagement with the arts of Africa. But in later years, artists began challenging master narratives. Using humor and satire, they created “riffs” to question the supposed superiority of European art, exposing its fraught association with people of color. The push and pull of these relationships became a distinct tradition in African American artistic practice.
The African American and European artists in this exhibition have engaged modernism in different time periods and varied artistic and social contexts. The cross-cultural, international, and intergenerational exchanges assembled here offer a fascinating glimpse into dialogues that have evolved over the 20th and 21st centuries. Fittingly, The Phillips Collection was founded on the idea that works from various moments could be brought together to show enduring relationships that help broaden discussions on art history. These paintings, sculptures, photographs, and works on paper enhance the story of modern and contemporary American art by presenting compelling works born of these riffs and relations.
Beautifully illustrated Riffs and Relations catalogue written by Adrienne L. Childs, with contributions by Valerie Cassel Oliver and Renee Maurer, foreword by Dorothy Kosinski, and statements from many of the artists featured in the exhibition.
Riffs and Relations is the recipient of the fifth Annual James A. Porter & David C. Driskell Book Award from the David C. Driskell Center for the Study of the Visuals Arts and Culture of African Americans and the African Diaspora at the University of Maryland.
Available in the Museum Shop: $50/$45 Members
The exhibition is organized by The Phillips Collection with guest curator Dr. Adrienne L. Childs.
With lead support provided by The Frauke and Willem de Looper Charitable Fund, Altria Group, and The Mr. and Mrs. Raymond J. Horowitz Foundation for the Arts.
Brought to you by the DC Commission on the Arts & Humanities, The Robert Lehman Foundation, the National Endowment for the Arts, Eric Richter and Charles Shoener, Amanda and Earl W. Stafford, and George Vradenburg and the Vradenburg Foundation.
In-kind contributions provided by
The Phillips Collection thanks Brenda and Larry Thompson for their support in bringing The Eyes have it (1991) by Moe Brooker to Washington.
Additional support is provided by Melvin & Juanita Hardy and Millennium Arts Salon, Sandra Mabry, Jolene Tritt & Paul Herzog, and Damon Porter & Anne Maton.
Watch & Listen
Riffs and Relations Audio Tour
Image Hutchins and Zoma Wallace in Conversation
Hank Willis Thomas and Bomani Jones in Conversation
Dr. Adrienne Childs in conversation with Dr. Rebecca VanDiver on Loïs Mailou Jones and David C. Driskell
Dr. Adrienne Childs in conversation with artist Renee Cox
Curator’s Perspective: Dr. Adrienne L. Childs on Riffs and Relations
Modern Art Notes Podcast
Click on the highlighted artists to learn more about their artwork in Riffs and Relations
- Mequitta Ahuja
- Charles Alston
- Emma Amos
- Romare Bearden
- Sanford Biggers
- Georges Braque
- Moe Brooker
- Henri Cartier-Bresson
- Elizabeth Catlett
- Barbara Chase-Riboud
- Robert Colescott
- Harold Cousins
- Renee Cox
- Beauford Delaney
- Aaron Douglas
- Leonardo Drew
- David C. Driskell
- John Edmonds
- Ellen Gallager
- Felrath Hines
- Ayana V. Jackson
- Jennie C. Jones
- Loïs Mailou Jones
- William H. Johnson
- Wassily Kandisky
- Titus Kaphar
- Wifredo Lam
- Jacob Lawrence
- Norman Lewis
- Henri Matisse
- Sam Middleton
- Piet Mondrian
- Claude Monet
- Wangechi Mutu
- Pablo Picasso
- Janet Taylor Pickett
- Martin Puryear
- Winold Reiss
- Faith Ringgold
- Karl Schmidt-Rottluff
- Chaim Soutine
- Frank Stewart
- Henry Ossawa Tanner
- Alma Thomas
- Hank Willis Thomas
- Mickalene Thomas
- Bob Thompson
- Maurice Utrillo
- Vincent van Gogh
- Carrie Mae Weems
- James Lesesne Wells
- Hale Woodruff
- Ossip Zadkine