Major additions by international artists including Per Kirkeby, Aimé Mpane, Janet Taylor Pickett
The Phillips Collection has announced major new acquisitions including a video by John Akomfrah, a two-panel fabric work by Benny Andrews, a large-scale wall-hanging by Aimé Mpane, and others. These new acquisitions reflect the museum’s efforts to enhance and diversify the collection by embracing works that reflect a narrative of modern and contemporary art beyond the traditional focus on European and American art, and also speak to the communities we hope to serve.
“The Phillips’s collection has always evolved and grown through gifts and purchases. Works by Benny Andrews and John Akomfrah, artists who were highlighted in our recent exhibition The Warmth of Other Suns: Stories of Global Displacement, are intense expressions that speak to urgent issues of our time,” said The Phillips Collection Vradenburg Director and CEO Dorothy Kosinski. “As we approach our 100th anniversary in 2021, we celebrate the addition of works by Per Kirkeby, Aimé Mpane, and Janet Taylor Pickett, works that amplify and add powerful new voices to the collection.”
Transfigured Night (2013), an immersive two-screen video installation by John Akomfrah (Ghanaian, b. 1957), filmed partially in Washington, DC, investigates the aspirations and tragic disappointments as African nations struggled for independence from colonial rule. Akomfrah frequently juxtaposes anachronous periods of social turmoil to comment on the trauma of postcolonial history.
Trail of Tears (2006) by Benny Andrews (American, 1930–2006), is a gift of nationally known arts and social justice philanthropist Agnes Gund. It is part of a series from 2004-2006 in which Andrews retraced the Trail of Tears, recalling the genocidal forced displacement of Native Americans from their southeastern homelands. Andrews’s work depicts an event often left out of history books and popular narratives about American expansion and migration. Trail of Tears was included in the exhibition The Warmth of Other Suns, where it was installed vis-à-vis Jacob Lawrence’s Migration Series (1940–41), a cornerstone of the Phillips’s collection which similarly traces a fraught mass migration in American history.
Currently on view is Maman Calcule (2013) by Aimé Mpane (Congolese, b. 1968). Working primarily with wood and an adze—a traditional African woodworking tool—the Belgium-based Congolese artist creates sculptures, mosaic-like wall hangings, and portraits carved on ordinary plywood that explore the fundamental connection between place and personal identity. Mpane’s sculptures and installations often address the aftermath of Belgian colonialism and the Mobutu regime in Congo. In 2012, The Phillips Collection acquired its first work by Mpane, Mapasa (2012), from the (e)merge art fair in Washington, DC. The Phillips will also acquire Mpane’s Untitled (2010) as a promised gift from Leslie Tonkonow and Klaus Ottmann.
Since the early 1970s, Janet Taylor Pickett (American, b. 1948) has had a creative conversation with Henri Matisse that has not only expanded and enhanced her own visual vocabulary, but has also become integral to her voice as an African American female artist. And She Was Born (2017), purchased through the Dreier Acquisition Fund, responds to an iconic work in The Phillips Collection, Matisse’s Interior with Egyptian Curtain (1948), and was created especially for Riffs and Relations: African American Artists and the European Modernist Tradition, a special exhibition currently on view through the end of the year. Pickett combines a collaged image of an East African woman wearing a botanical headdress with the border design borrowed from Matisse’s work.
Drawing from her landscape in rural India—with changing skies, monsoon rains, and lavish vegetation—Ranjani Shettar (Indian, b. 1977) explores environmental concerns. Mohana (2019), a gift of the artist and Talwar Gallery, is made of thread and hand-molded beeswax that extends across space much like a constellation. It was conceived specifically for Shettar’s Intersections project Earth Songs for a Night Sky, in which she was in dialogue with works in the permanent collection by Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee, questioning form, color, space, and design, but also the psyche. Mohana speaks to the tension between the physical world and spiritual aspirations, between observation and introspection.
Cachita is the first sculptural portrait by the Cuban collective Los Carpinteros, preceding a series of other portraits of elderly Cuban revolutionaries done in a style that mixes social realism and pop-art. Made of back-lit aluminum, it is a highly stylized portrait of the mother of one of the artists, Dagoberto Rodríguez; a rendering that riffs on the iconic portraits of Che Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos from the Plaza de la Revolucion in Havana. Los Carpinteros (The Carpenters) was an artist collective (Rodríguez, Marco Castillo, and previously Alexande Arrechea) formed in Havana in the early 1990s and dissolved in 2019. Cachita was included in the 2019 Intersections project at the Phillips, Cuba Va!, the artists’ final collaboration. Cachita is a generous gift of Aaron and Barbara Levine.
A gift of the artist, The Great Farce: Portable Theater (2019) by Federico Solmi (Italian, b. 1973) is a portable video theater where reality has been transformed into an eternal amusement theme park. The piece is based on a multichannel projection Solmi created for the 2017 Biennial of the Moving Image in Frankfurt, Germany. The Great Farce is a place where the world’s leaders rewrite, fabricate, or travel to any event of the past, present, or future. Through the leaders’ mania, carnival rides transform into historic monuments, carousel horses become a charging cavalry, rocking ships turn into an armada, and Ferris wheels spin like helicopters.
Additional important acquisitions include a watercolor and drypoint by Oleg Kudryashov (Russian, b. 1932), gift of the artist; a recent work by John Walker (British, b. 1939), partial gift of Joe and Nancy Keithley and acquisition through the Lester Cooke Fund; a selection of prints by Per Kirkeby (Danish, 1938–2018) gifted by Lynne and Joe Horning; five works by William Willis (American, b. 1943) gifted by Phillips Board Chair Dani Levinas and wife, Mirella Levinas; a cubist work by Max Weber (American, 1881–1961), gift of Jonathon Springarn; photographs by W. Eugene Smith (American, 1918–1978) gifted by Michael and Joyce Axelrod; and 28 photographs by Aaron Siskind (American, 1903–1999), gift of Michelle and Stan Kurtz in memory of Saul Levi.
Since the death of founder Duncan Phillips in 1966, the museum has continued to build on its unique collecting legacy launched in 1921. In recent years the Phillips has deliberately sought to enhance diversity and inclusion within the museum’s collection, exhibitions, programs, staff, and board.
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ABOUT THE PHILLIPS COLLECTION
The Phillips Collection, America’s first museum of modern art, was founded in 1921. The museum houses one of the world’s most distinguished Impressionist and American modern art collections, and continues to grow its collection with important contemporary voices. Its distinctive building combines extensive new galleries with the former home of its founder, Duncan Phillips. The Phillips’s impact spreads nationally and internationally through its diverse and experimental special exhibitions and events, including its award-winning education programs for educators, students, and adults; dynamic Phillips Music series; and popular meditation and Phillips after 5 events. The museum contributes to global dialogues with events like Conversations with Artists and Artists of Conscience. The Phillips Collection values its community partnerships with the University of Maryland—the museum’s nexus for scholarly exchange and interdisciplinary collaborations—and THEARC—the museum’s satellite campus in Southeast DC. The Phillips Collection is a private, non-government museum, supported primarily by donations.
IMAGE: John Akomfrah, Transfigured Night, 2013, Two-channel HD color video installation with 5.1 sound, 26:31 min., Ed. 2 of 5, The Phillips Collection, The Dreier Fund for Acquisitions, 2019