History And Context


Three Lawyers takes up a theme that Daumier treated in countless works on paper. He himself had experienced French justice. He was charged with sedition for lampooning Louis-Philippe and served six months in jail, after which government censorship forced him to focus his work on middle-class society and manners. He clearly enjoyed mocking the legal profession and obviously felt that the deck was always stacked against society’s poor and defenseless. No matter what the outcome for the average man, the lawyers in Daumier’s images always do fine. Here they are, self-congratulatory, puffed up with self-importance, exchanging clever quips. While in the courtroom they attack each other with obligatory theatricality, outside there is unity and collusion. In the background at the left, a weeping woman, ignored by the lawyers, is a reminder of the human toll of legal action. Phillips noted the beautiful and colorful effects that Daumier extracted from a palette of blacks and whites, comparing him to Diego Velazquez, Gerard ter Borch, and Rembrandt.

More Works by Honoré Daumier In the Collection


The Family
Honoré Daumier
1860s
Plea for the Defense
Honoré Daumier
early 1860s
On a Bridge at Night
Honoré Daumier
between 1845 and 1848

The Painter at His Easel
Honoré Daumier
ca. 1870
The Strong Man
Honoré Daumier
ca. 1865
To the Street
Honoré Daumier
1840s

Two Sculptors
Honoré Daumier
between 1870 and 1873
The Uprising (L'Emeute)
Honoré Daumier
1848 or later
Le Ventre Legislatif
Honoré Daumier
1834